There are certain office holders who, on completion of office, are usually offered peerages. However, with one or two exceptions, such as former Prime Ministers, the offer is not guaranteed. Most former Cabinet ministers are usually offered peerages, but not all have been, or not all have accepted. There are several recent examples of former Cabinet ministers blotting their copy books and not being offered seats in the Lords. However, there are case where ministers have held senior office, not tainted by scandal and who would have been expected to join the Lords, but have not been offered, or have not accepted, peerages. As usual, the first two readers to supply the correct answers will be the winners.
1. I was a Labour MP who served in the Cabinet of James Callaghan and was tipped as a future Chancellor of the Exchequer, but I never became a peer. I left the Commons to take up a business post and later joined the SDP. Who was I?
2. We both served as Employment Secretaries in the 1974-79 Labour Government, but neither of us went to the Lords after we left the Commons, one after being defeated in 1983 and the other after retiring. Who were we?
3. I too served in the Labour Cabinet of 1974-79, but had a track record of not wanting to join the Lords. Who am I?
4. I am the only surviving member of Margaret Thatcher’s Cabinet, other than John Major, who does not sit in either House of Parliament. Who am I?