The Quiz: Peers and PMs

Lord Norton

As Lord Soley asked who was the Prime Minister who was not British-born, I thought I would stick with the theme for this week’s quiz and ask about Prime Ministers in relation to the House of Lords.  As usual, the first two readers to supply the correct answers will be the winners, though feel free to have a go at answering even if you do not know the answers to all the questions. 

1. Who was the last peer to serve as Prime Minister while sitting in the House of Lords?

2. Who was the last peer to be invited by the monarch to form an administration?

3. Who was the first Scottish-born British Prime Minister?  What is the link between his name and meetings of the Cabinet of the Scottish executive?

4.  Who was the last Liberal Prime Minister to sit in the House of Lords, never having served in the Commons?

5. Of the twelve post-war Prime Ministers (prior to David Cameron) seven became peers and five did not.  Who are the five?

14 comments for “The Quiz: Peers and PMs

  1. 29/04/2011 at 6:15 pm

    1. The Marquess of Salisbury
    2. The Earl of Home (who then disclaimed and won a by-election to the Commons)
    3. The Earl of Bute. The Scottish First Minister lives at Bute House, so presumably that’s where his cabinet meetings are. (The first PM to represent a Scottish constituancy seems to be Gladstone – is that right?)
    4. The Earl of Roseberry
    5. Gordon Brown, Tony Blair, Sir John Major, Sir Edward Heath, Sir Winston Churchill

  2. Dave H
    29/04/2011 at 7:02 pm

    1. Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury had the full job, but Stanley Baldwin was created Earl Baldwin before he resigned as PM in 1937 so I assume it’s him. However, that depends on your definition of “sitting in the Lords”.

    2.Lord Home, who had to give up his peerage and win a by-election to the Commons to become PM.

    3. John Stuart, Earl of Bute

    4. Archibald Primrose, Earl of Rosebery

    5. John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown, Edward Heath, Winston Churchill

    • Lord Norton
      Lord Norton
      30/04/2011 at 3:16 pm

      Dave H: Baldwin resigned as Prime Minister on 28 May 1937 – Neville Chamberlain succeeded him that day – and he was created an Earl on 8 June.

  3. MilesJSD
    29/04/2011 at 7:10 pm

    Relevance to our (People’s) most-vital Democratisation Needs ?

    For instance:
    Q#1: Who was the ‘person’ who anecdotally had tracked down the leading-professional-person in the World, and in History, who had not only discovered, but was being successful at putting into effective practice, the Secret of Healing ?
    what was that professional’s name and principal field of expertise;
    and what other more-publicly-enjoyable profession was s/he broadcastingly-competent in ?
    Q#2: Who was it who left beside a public photocopier, a photocopy of a school-place test-paper, upon which the 5th and final question “How will you maintain yourself clean and without offence ?” had been given the nervously pencil-scrawled answer “I will turn away from people and places that cause me to sin.” ?

    (Answers soon (intended within 7 days; on some only partly-guaranteed non-profit citizen’s’ e- or web- site).

    ((Tip: There is a supplementary question, which will have a lot to do with “Which test or quiz question is the more relevant and practically-useful to (crucial topic to be later disclosed_ _ _ _ _) ?”

    and a humble ‘Good luck’ to Others who have sufficient time and niche to pursue the noble lord’s doubtlessly-interesting-to-some Weekly Quiz.


  4. Dave H
    29/04/2011 at 7:42 pm

    I guess I ought to read the questions properly and note that the Scottish Executive meets in Bute House for Q3.

  5. Chris K
    30/04/2011 at 12:22 am

    1) Alec Douglas Home (for a few days I believe)

    2) Alec Douglas Home

    5) Winston Churchill, John Major, and 3 others.

    • Lord Norton
      Lord Norton
      30/04/2011 at 3:25 pm

      Chris K: Lord Home accepted the position of Prime Minister on 19 October 1963 and disclaimed his peerage on 23 October. However, Parliament was not sitting during that period.

  6. Rich
    30/04/2011 at 3:26 am

    Despite the fact no comments have posted yet, I can’t imagine there aren’t two correct answers yet, but I’ll give answers none the less:

    1. The 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
    2. The 14th Earl of Home
    3. The 3rd Earl of Bute
    4. The 5th Earl of Rosebury
    5. Gordon Brown, Tony Blair, Sir John Major, Sir Edward Heath, and Sir Winston Churchill

    • Lord Norton
      Lord Norton
      30/04/2011 at 3:48 pm

      Rich: You were only just pipped at the post, though you omitted the answer to the second part of Q3.

  7. Len
    30/04/2011 at 11:59 am

    1) Lord Salisbury?

    2) The Earl of Home

    3) Earl of Bute, I assume, because the First Minister’s residence is Bute House. Not certain here though.

    4) The Earl of Rosebury

    5) Winston Churchill, Edward Heath, John Major, Tony Blair and Gordon Brown

    • Lord Norton
      Lord Norton
      30/04/2011 at 3:49 pm

      Len: Had Dave H not realised he had not responded in respect of Bute House, you would have been one of this week’s winners.

  8. Lord Norton
    Lord Norton
    30/04/2011 at 3:47 pm

    The answers are indeed:
    1. The 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
    2. The Earl of Home (subsequently Sir Alec Douglas-Home and later Lord Home of the Hirsel)
    3. Earl of Bute. The Scottish executive meets in Bute House.
    4. The Earl of Rosebery (note the spelling)
    5. Churchill, Heath, Major, Blair and Brown

    Congratulations to Jonathan, who was first, and Dave H, who got in on time with the addendum on Bute House in order to be second. I have not penalised Jonathan for his spelling of Rosebery nor Dave H for offering Baldwin as a possible answer to 1, not least because if I did I see – on grounds of spelling Rosebery correctly – no one else would have won this week!

    • 30/04/2011 at 7:03 pm

      The annoying thing is, I checked the answer to 4 and thought to myself, “It only had one ‘r’ in it.” Yet I still spelled it with two!

      • MilesJSD
        03/05/2011 at 8:00 am

        The school-child’s test-paper answer,
        to the Teachers’ question as to how they would maintain themselves clean and free from wrongdoing,
        (“)one would keep away from people and places that cause one to sin(“)
        will be having increasing relevance, and there might be many persons who have accidentally discovered this or suchlike babes-and-sucklings wisdom;

        I generally ‘keep away’, from
        ‘People-upwards two-way democratisation-stifling’
        places and people –

        but whereas here under the Weakly Quiz “Peers and PMs” Len and Rich mis-spelled with ‘Rosebury’,
        and you said you still spelled Rosebery with two R’s,
        I counted 3 (three) R’s in your initial answer to Lord Norton who escaped the count by ‘gently knocking all three of your heads together’ with his succinct “note the spelling”, plus possibly the heads of Dave H, milesjsd, and Chris K none of whom entered an answer to that question so might have been even worse ‘at fault’,

        Regards, John Miles.

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