This body is composed of seven distinguished judges from Europe, who are independent of governments. The Tribunal was founded in Bologna (Italy) in 1979.
It took evidence in March in Paris about two specific charges against Turkey: that war crimes had been committed mainly against the Kurdish population of Turkey, between June 2015 and February 2017. In addition, there had been kidnappings and assassinations inside and outside Turkey, for example the murder of three Kurdish women in Paris in 2013. The Tribunal took account of the invasion of parts of northern Syria, by the Turkish army, supported by a militia of extreme Islamists (many of them former members of ISIS and Al-Nusra). This has caused massive displacements of population.
Philippe Texier, a French judge, formerly working with the UN High Commission for Human Rights announced the findings of the Tribunal and said:
“The right of the Kurdish people to self-determination had been constantly denied.” They had suffered “disproportionate violence”.
The five main recommendations included:
Withdrawal of the Turkish army from Syria;
Restoration of detained magistrates, journalists, MPs etc;
Ending the state of emergency;
Negotiations in good faith to resolve the internal conflict.
Full details can be found here.
I write the above after many visits to Turkey to observe elections and mass trials, and also to Syria.