These indigenous people were originally nomadic, but in recent years have built their own villages, and even schools. In the Negev, in southern Israel, the Authorities have major plans for re-locating the Bedouin. Unfortunately these plans have been drawn up without consulting the Bedouin, and therefore cause problems, for example from repeated demolitions of dwellings.
One Bedouin tribe moved many years ago from the Negev to the East side of Jerusalem. Others, who had always lived in the West Bank have suffered much from the Israeli occupation, its settlements and exclusive roads, check points etc. Relations between them and the occupying power remain difficult.